Incentivisation and Data Sharing – why should I cite the data I have used?


National Archive of Computerized Data on Aging (NACDA)

Browsing data archives generally, the following was found amongst the pages of NACDA concerning why re-used data should be cited:

Citing data files in publications based on those data is important for several reasons:

  • Other researchers may want to replicate findings and need the citation to identify/locate the data.
  • Citations are harvested by key social sciences indexes, such as Web of Science, providing credit to the researchers.
  • Data producers and funding agencies can track citations to measure impact.

These statements demonstrate the incentivisation process for people to share their data and make it available for re-use. Benefits are accrued back the the original researcher(s) for having shared their data, but also the discipline itself becomes more impactful.



United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census, and United States Department of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Current Population Survey: Annual Demographic File, 1987 [Computer file]. ICPSR08863-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2009-02-03. doi:10.3886/ICPSR08863

Johnston, Lloyd D., Jerald G. Bachman, Patrick M. O’Malley, and John E. Schulenberg. Monitoring the Future: A Continuing Study of American Youth (12th-Grade Survey), 2007 [Computer File]. ICPSR22480-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2008-10-29. doi:10.3886/ICPSR22480


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